Terminology

Here are verity of categories for common terminology and their equivalent translations.

Body Targets and Directions:

Age - Rising

Ago - Chin or Jaw

Atama - Head

Chudan - Middle Level

Ganmen - Face

Gedan - Lower Level

Hana - Nose

Hara - Abdomen

Hidari - Left

Hizo - Spleen

Jōdan - Upper Level

Kake - Hooked

Kansetsu - Joint (of limb)

Kintama / Kin - Groin, Testicles

Komekami - Temple (of Head)

Kubi - Neck

Mae - Front, Forward

Mawashi - Round, Circular

Me - Eye(s)

Migi - Right

Mizo-ochi  - Solar Plexus

Mune - Chest

Naname - Diagonal

Nodo - Throat

Oroshi - Descending

Rokkotsu - Rib(s)

Sakotsu - Collarbone

Sayū - Left and Right (to sides)

Soto - Outside

Tobi - Jumping

Uchi - Inside

Ude - Arm

Ura - Reverse Turn

Ushiro - Back (direction)

Yoko - Side (direction)

Weapons of the Body

Ashi - Foot or Leg

Chusoku - Ball (middle) of the Foot

Haisho - Backhand

Haisoku - Instep of the Foot

Haito - Inner Knife Hand

Hiji - Elbow

Hiraken - Flat Fist

Hiza - Knee

Kakato - Heel

Keiko - Chicken Beak

Koken- Wrist Top

Kote - Forearm

Nakayubi Ippon Ken - Middle Finger Knuckle Fist

Nukite - Spear Hand

Oyayubi Ippon Ken - Thumb Knuckle Fist

Ryutoken - Dragon Head Fist

Seiken - Forefist

Shotei - Palm Heel

Shuto - Knife Hand

Sokuto - Outside (knife) Edge of the Foot

Sune - Shin

Te - Hand

Teisoku - Arch of the Foot

Tettsui - Hammer Fist

Toho - Sword Peak Hand

Uraken - Backfist

Stances (Dachi)

Fudo Dachi - Immobile Stance

Hanmi - Half Facing

Heiko Dachi - Parallel Stance

Heisoku Dachi - Closed Foot Stance

Hidari Ashi Mae - Left Foot Forward

Kake Dachi - Hook Stance

Kiba Dachi - Horse Riding Stance

Kokutsu Dachi - Back Leaning Stance

Kumite Dachi - Fighting Stance

Migi Ashi Mae - Right Foot Forward

Moro Ashi Dachi - One Foot Forward (two-foot) Stance

Musubi Dachi - Open Foot (connected) Stance

Neko Ashi Dachi - Cat Foot Stance

Sanchin Dachi - Three Point Stance

Shiko Dachi - Sumo Stance

Soto Hachiji Dachi - Outside “Character 8" Stance

Tsuru Ashi Dachi - Crane Foot Stance

Uchi Hachiji Dachi - Inside “Character 8" Stance

Yōi Dachi - Ready Stance

Yonjugodo Kiba Dachi - Forty-Five Degree Horse Riding Stance

Kujudo Kiba Dachi - Ninety Degree Horse Riding Stance

Zenkutsu Dachi - Forward Leaning Stance

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